History Of Boxing
Boxing is the purest form of combat in which only punches are allowed. The art or sport of Boxing requires the fighters to wear regulation weighed and sized gloves, loose- fitting trunks, a mouthguard, a cup, and in several federations a soft padded belt is worn under the drunks covering the middle section to protect the kidneys from excessive abuse and shock. In amateur levels, the pugilistic athletes are required to wear a headgear and a sleeveless jersey of a different color than the waistband of the trunks. This allows the referee to see more clearly when a hit has landed below the belt. In earlier times, Boxing had very few rules and regulations. Going back to ancient Greece and all the way to the mid-1700’s the sport was practiced in a bareknuckle form – also known as prizefighting. Over the course of time, and to please a larger audience, the sport implemented the use of gloves and more rules and regulations. This made the sport much more appealing to the faint of heart, as well as safer to the boxers and those wanting to become boxers. As you may imagine, training without proper equipment led to fighters becoming severely injured without ever stepping into an official match. Records of Boxing matches performed during the Sumerian times (3rd millennium BC) were found in wall paintings; however it is not confirmed if the paintings depicted Boxing as a sport/entertainment, or a battle scene. By mid-1800, John Douglas, The Marquess of Queensberry initiated the basic rules of Boxing which are still followed today. The basic rules consisted of:
- 9-12 rounds lasting 3 minutes each,
- a 1 minute recovery time in between,
- corner or coach counseling, injury attention, and re-hydration during corner time,
- fighters must not hit a fallen fighter,
- a neutral referee will enforce the rules during the match,
- a set of judges will decide the winner should no one becomes incapacitated or unwilling to continue,
- a maximum of 3 knocked downs were allowed,
- a coach can throw a white towel to force his fighter to surrender,
- a referee must receive an intelligent answer from a knocked down fighter before he counts to 10 to be able to continue safely.
- Over the years and according to the federation, other rules were added and some were modified, such as the knocked down rule. However, the knocked down rule has not been completely eradicated because it is in use in amateur bouts
Judo In MMA
Boxing is comprised of different styles. The styles define the most comfortable form in which the fighter will normally perform. The styles are: Boxer/Out-Fighter, Boxer-Puncher, Counter Puncher, Brawler/Slugger, and Swarmer/In-Fighter.
- Boxer/Out-Fighter - The classic boxer or out-fighter feels more comfortable fighting from a distance. They have a longer reach and faster punch deployment and rely on constant movement and changing angles to avoid being hit. Some of the most notable out fighters are: Muhammad Ali, Floyd Mayweather, Sugar Ray Leonard, and Guillermo Rigondeaux.
- Boxer Puncher - The boxer puncher is a well-rounded boxer in and out of the pocket. They use a combination of technique and power and have knock out abilities. They are often mistaken for an out-fighter just not as fast. These boxers wear their opponents down and are more likely to knocked them out in middle rounds. Some of the most notable Boxer Punchers are: Miguel Cotto, Manny Pacquiao, Joe Louis, and Oscar de la Hoya.
- Counter Puncher - The counter puncher is a defensive boxer who often wait for the opponent to initiate a punching flurry as they open their defense and then the counter puncher is able to penetrate and contact. Not enough credit is given to this style; however, they are very dangerous considering that when you are facing a counter puncher, every single punch thrown will be countered and exchanged. Some notable counter punchers are: Muhammad Ali, Bernard Hopkins, Floyd Mayweather, and Guillermo Rigondeaux. Notice, most out-fighters are counter-fighters because to counter, a certain distance is required and out-fighters use the long range more effectively.
- Brawler/Slugger - The brawler is a boxer that focuses more on sheer power hits and punching flurries. They have a high tolerance for pain and resistance to getting knocked out. However, they lack finesse and footwork. They are excellent at working in the pocket by crowding the opponents and forcing them against the ropes. They are considered the worst enemy of outfighters. Some of the most notable brawlers are George Foreman, Rocky Marciano, Prince Naseem Hamed, Arturo Gatti. Micket Ward, and Marcos Maidana.
- Swarmer/In-Fighter - The swarmer is also known as a pressure fighter. This particular type of fighter prefers to fight up close and aims for the body. By hitting the body, they wear down their opponents significantly, and in many occasions they take them out of the fight by hitting a liver punch which causes an incredible amount of pain. Most fighters that prefer this style are short in statute and they utilize the uppercut better than anyone by lifting with their entire body weight. Some of the most notable fighters in this style are: Rocky Marciano, Miguel Cotto, Julio Cesar Chavez, Mike Tyson, Manny Pacquiao, Ricky Hatton, and Gennady Golovkin.